Resources and Links

Get Pumped! Long Island Fact Sheets & Coupons!

Get Pumped! Long Island – Fact Sheets & Money Saving Coupons!

List of companies accepting a coupon to make it easy for you to GET PUMPED!

Typical Home Wastewater Systems  (The CESSPOOL Project)

Do you know the difference between a cesspool and a septic system? Fact sheet provides straight forward explanation of the typical home wastewater systems used on Long Island. Diagrams illustrate the most common systems.

Download Print-Friendly Fact Sheet: Determining and Locating Your System  (The CESSPOOL Project)

The first step in maintaining your system and saving money is determining the type of system you have and locating where it is on your property. This fact sheet will walk you through the steps to find your system.

Download Print-Friendly Fact Sheet: Taking Care of Your System (The CESSPOOL Project)

Your home wastewater system represents a significant financial investment which you will want to protect. With proper operation and regular maintenance, your system will function better, last longer, improve the environment, and save you thousands of dollars.

Download Print-Friendly Fact Sheet: GET PUMPED! What to expect when your system is serviced (The CESSPOOL Project)

Take action. Learn what to expect when your system is inspected and pumped. Also learn how to hire a home wastewater system professional to get quality service and save money.

Maintaining Your Home Wastewater System

Maintaining Your Septic System – A Guide for Homeowners (National Environmental Services Center)

An article from Pipeline (Fall 2004 Vol. 15, No. 4) a publication to explain small community wastewater issues to the public published by the National Environmental Services Center at the University of West Virginia. (PDF – 8 pages)

Homeowners Guide to Septic Systems (PDF) (US EPA)

An easy to read guide for homeowners produced by US Environmental Protection Agency. (PDF – 17 pages)

Septics 101: A Guide to Septic System Maintenance

Learn how home wastewater (septic systems) function and how to take care of them. (You Tube Video – 19 minutes) 

Conventional Septic Systems (Anne Arundel County Department of Health)

This video explains what a conventional septic system is, how it works and how to properly maintain it. (You Tube Video – 18 minutes)

SepticSmart (Onsite/Decentralized) Systems (US EPA web site)

This is a comprehensive US EPA web site with many great resources for homeowners and managers. Documents and webpages here explain the basics of onsite treatment systems, how to maintain them, and best practices.

Your Septic System Kit (PDF)  (Cornell Cooperative Extension web site)

A comprehensive education packet covering building, maintaining and daily care of your system produced by Cornell Cooperative Extension last update in 2013 but still relevant to Long Island except for drain fields. (Web site with links to PDF files)

Inspections & Recordkeeping

Septic Tank Inspections (National Environmental Services Center)

The National Environmental Services Center prepared this article in Small Flows Quarterly (Winter 2004 Vol. 5 No. 1) based on calls received over the National Small Flows Clearinghouse (NSFC) technical assistance hotline. 1-800-624-8301 (PDF – 2 pages)

Your Septic System: Buying or Selling a House with a Septic System (Cornell Cooperative Extension)

Cornell Cooperative Extension provides some points to consider before buying or selling house with a household wastewater system. (PDF – 1 page)

Your Home; Buyers Need to Check Septic Tank (New York Times)

New York Times article from November 26, 2000 explaining why checking the septic system is as important as the more traditional home inspections. (Web Site)

What Lurks Beneath: Cesspools That Time Forgot (New York Times)

May 2007 New York Times article about the hidden dangers of collapsing cesspools on Long Island. (Web Site)

Water Conservation 

WaterSense (US EPA)

WaterSense, a partnership program by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, seeks to protect the future of our nation’s water supply by offering people a simple way to use less water with water-efficient products, new homes, and services. (Web Site)

Understanding the Natural Processes: Chemistry & Biology of Home Wastewater Systems

Nitrogen Removal Basics

Stephen Meyer describes the basics of nitrogen removal in wastewater treatment systems. The video focuses on biological nitrification and denitrification. This applies to most all biological reactors, but the video focuses on the Carrousel System by Eimco Water Technologies. (You Tube video -12 minutes)

Wastewater Microbiology

In this video Stephen Meyer describes the importance of using wastewater microbes as indicator organisms to help optimize your wastewater treatment system. (You Tube video -9 minutes)

Regulations and Permits

New York State Wastewater Treatment Standards

New York State Department of Health web site with the Unofficial Compilation of codes, rules and regulations of the state of New York Title 10. Department of Health, Chapter 11. Part 75. Standards for Onsite Water Supply and Individual Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems. Appendix 75A. (PDF – 30 pages)

Nassau County Department of Health (516) 227-9672

This is the Nassau County on-site sewage disposal web site with frequently asked questions. While not linked from the official web site you can obtain a copy of the Manual of On-Site Sewage Disposal, Nassau County Department of Health, 1983 (PDF -110 pages) here.

Suffolk County Department of Health Services, Division of Environmental Quality

The Division of Environmental Quality (DEQ) conducts comprehensive programs that protect Suffolk County residents against adverse environmental factors. Among the major programs of the Division of Environmental Quality are groundwater and drinking water protection, wastewater management, toxic and hazardous materials pollution control, monitoring and laboratory analyses, enforcement of regulations, and environmental management studies and programs for groundwater and surface waters, including related ecological issues.

Suffolk County Department of Health Services Residential Permits

If you are constructing a new home or modifying an existing home, you may need Department of Health Services Office of Wastewater Management approval to confirm the proposed or sewage disposal system will meet the requirements of Suffolk County’s Sanitary Code. This site contains important information regarding this process including applications, instructions, standards and guidelines to assist the applicant in completing the application process. Remember, submission of a complete application and design plan will result in a faster approval process.   

Standards — Approval of Plans and Construction – Sewage Disposal Systems for Single Family Residence

Have Questions? Send them an email at or call the Office of Wastewater Management to schedule a meeting with staff to discuss your proposed project at 631-852-5700.

Long Island Water Quality

Long Island Sound Study (US EPA, NYS and CT)

The United States Environmental Protection Agency, New York, and Connecticut formed the Long Island Sound Study (LISS) in 1985, a bi-state partnership consisting of federal and state agencies, user groups, concerned organizations, and individuals dedicated to restoring and protecting the Sound. (Web Site)

Temporary Shellfish Closures (NYS Department of Environmental Conservation)

The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation web site lists shellfish closures.

The Nature Conservancy

The Nature Conservancy has been studying nitrogen loading and the issues associated with nitrogen loading. They have developed a series of informative videos.

New York State Center for Clean Water Technology

The NYSCCWT is studying the wastewater cycle to encourage the development of a new generation of treatment systems that enhance wastewater treatment economically.

New England Onsite Wastewater Treatment Center 

The Massachusetts Alternative Septic System Test Center
Alternate link:

Peconic Green Growth, Inc.

PGG has been working on planning and identifying solutions for enhanced wastewater treatment. Through a grant from the Long Island Community Foundation, they have developed fact sheets and a comparison chart to help you identify which enhanced treatment system is right for you and your site.

Partners: The C.E.S.S.P.O.O.L Project

This web site was prepared for the New York State Department of State with funds provided under Title 11 of the Environmental Protection Fund as part of the program known as the Coordinated Environmental Solutions for Septic Problems Occurring On Long Island (C.E.S.S.P.O.O.L.). The program is a joint effort of the Oyster Bay/Cold Spring Harbor, Manhasset Bay and Hempstead Harbor Protection Committees, the Town of Oyster Bay and the nonprofit Friends of the Bay.

Friends of the Bay Image Map

This website was prepared for the C.E.S.S.P.O.O.L. Project with funds from the New York State Department of State through Title 11 of the Environmental Protection Fund